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Stage #2 Forward Facing
Your child is developmentally ready to ride Forward Facing child seat when he or she:
  • Is 1 year of age.
  • Has reached a minimum weight of 9/10 kg (20/22lb) until 18/22 kg (40/48 lb) or according to manufacturer’s instruction. Choosing a child seat that can accommodate a higher weight can provide safe transportation for a longer period of time.
Harnessing Child in Seats
 
The harness system of a forward – facing restraint system spreads the forces of a collision over the body structure and are designed for children weighing 9/10-18/22Kg (20/-22-40/48lb)
.
The child’s skeletal system cannot withstand the concentrated forces exhibited by a seat belt assembly alone. In addition, the crotch strap keeps the child in place and prevents submarining. There are various designs of a harness system used with the forward–facing seat: (1) a five point webbing harness system; (2) T-shield harness system; and (3) an over-head or arm bar harness system.
The harness system is designed to hold the child in place and to spread the forces of a collision. All of these harness types provide equal protection to the child. NO one type of harness system is safer than another, when used correctly.
The harness webbing MUST occupy the upper-most or top harness slots for
infant/child restraints when used in the forward-facing mode.
 

This area is reinforced to absorb the forces of a frontal collision. For child/booster restraints, any of the slots provided by the manufacturer are acceptable for use in a forward-facing position provided the harness is at or above the shoulders.
Installing the Forward-Facing Seat
Before any installation of a forward-facing restraint is attempted, the instruction manual for the vehicle and for the restraint system MUST be consulted.
In general, an infant/child restraint should be in the up right position. Check the manufacturer’s instructions to determine if there is a semi-recline position that can be used when the restraint is in the forward-facing mode.

The best location for a forward-facing restraint system is in the back seat. It is generally considered that the centre rear seating position is the safer place as it is the furthest away from any possible intruding vehicle or object. How ever it is necessary to check that the seat assembly accommodates the restraint and that the restraint fits into that location. At least 80% of the base of the restraint system MUST be supported by the vehicle seat. If this cannot be achieved then another appropriate seating may be used or a different forward-facing model of restraint used.

The front seat is not recommended for Forward-facing seats especially when there is an air bag. If the front seat must be used, the vehicle seat should be placed in the furthest position away from the dash and the tether must be correctly attached to the vehicle.
If the vehicle has rear seat side air bags, consult the vehicle owner’s manual or contact Ontario Ministry of Transportation.

To install, fasten the tether strap, then use your full body weight to push down on the seat while you tighten and fasten the seat belt. The seat should move no more than 2.5 cm (1 in.), to the front or to the side of the vehicle.
Always Use the Tether Strap
It is the law to use the tether strap with a Forward-facing child seat. The purpose of a tether strap is to enable the seat to meet the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (CMVSS) head excursion requirements.
A tether can provide additional stability.
The tether anchor is bolted to an integral, metal part of the vehicle, directly behind the centre of the seat (ideally, no more than 20 degrees off centre). The tether strap must be as tight as possible allowing for no slack in the strap. Always check manufacturers’ instructions for the vehicle and the child seat for the method of adjustment of the tether strap and any required corrective action. NEVER fasten more then one tether strap to a tether anchorage unless recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.
Tether anchorage locations will vary from one model of vehicle to another. In most cases, the vehicle owner’s manual will indicate the location of the pre-drilled holes or the factory ready tether hardware.
If not, the dealership service department or the customer help line will have this information (the toll- free number is in the owner’s manual or call Ontario Ministry of Transportation). It is imperative to use only locations specified by the vehicle manufacturer to enable that the anchorage to perform as required and as specified by the manufacturer.
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