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Stage #1 Rear Facing
  • Birth to 9/10kg (20/22 lb.), or according to manufacturerís instructions.
  • Never use near an active airbag
Harnessing Child in Seats
Place the harness straps at or below the infants shoulder level. Make sure, the harness straps are flat and not twisted or folded as this will alter the performance of the harness system.
Secure the chest clip, positioning at arm pit level. Ensuring that only one finger fits between the harness and the infantís collar bone after the harness is buckled. The chest clip will hold the shoulder harness over the infantís shoulders. This makes it difficult for the harness straps to slip off the shoulders which could lead to ejection of the infant in the event of a collision. Sometimes the space between the infantís crotch and the crotch strap is great enough to allow for slouching of the infant resulting in re-positioning of the shoulder harness above the infantís shoulders.
In this event a rolled cloth may be used between the infantís crotch and the crotch strap. This crotch roll must be placed between the legs of the infant and never allowed to shift up to the abdomen.
Installing the Rear-facing Seat
Before any installation of a Rear-facing seat is attempted, the instruction manuals for the vehicle and for the Rear-facing seat MUST be consulted. The best location for a rear-facing restraint system is in the back seat. The centre back seating position is generally considered the safer place as it is furthest away from an intruding vehicle or object in a collision. However it is necessary to check that the seat belt assembly accommodates the seat and that the seat fits into that location. At least 80% of the base of the seat must be supported by the vehicle seat. If this cannot be achieved, another appropriate seating position can be tried or another model of Rear-facing seat may have to be considered.

To install, push your full body weight onto the seat (or the base if detachable), then pull the seat belt as tightly as possible and fasten. The seat should move no more than 2.5 cm (1 in.), to the front or to the side of the vehicle.

When installing the Rear- facing seat, ensure that the seat rests at approximately 45-degrees angle. Rear-facing seats are designed to support the entire head, neck, and back, that distributes the crash force across the full length of the body. Rear-facing seats also keeps the infants head from flopping forward and possibly cutting off the airway. To adjust the angle, it is suggested that you use a water noodle, or a rolled up towel under the seat base.

Some infant-only seats are equipped with a carrying handle for use outside of the vehicle. The handle must be in the down position while in the vehicle.

In September 2002, a new Canadian Federal Regulation took effect requiring all passenger cars, multi-purpose vehicles, trucks and buses to be manufactured with lower anchorage systems to help make it easier for parents and caregivers to properly secure child passengers.
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